Multi-Authentication with Guards in Laravel

Harish Kumar · · 2536 Views

Laravel's robust authentication system provides a powerful mechanism for securing your application. To cater to scenarios where you need different user roles with distinct login experiences and permissions, multi-authentication with guards is an excellent solution. This approach allows you to define multiple guards, each responsible for a specific user type.

Key Concepts:

  1. Guards: Act as gatekeepers, determining how users are authenticated for incoming requests. Laravel offers default guards like web and api, and you can create custom guards for specific user roles.

  2. Providers: Specify how user credentials are retrieved and validated. Laravel typically uses the eloquent provider, which interacts with your user models.

Steps to Implement Multi-Authentication:

  1. Setup:

// App/Models/Admin.php
class Admin extends Model
    protected $guard = 'admin';

    // ... other model properties and methods

// App/Models/User.php (assuming default 'web' guard)
class User extends Model
    // ... other model properties and methods
  1. Guard Configuration:
    Update the config/auth.php file to define your custom guards:

// config/auth.php
return [
    // ... other configuration options

    'guards' => [
        'web' => [
            'driver' => 'session',
            'provider' => 'users', // Assuming default 'users' provider for web users
        'admin' => [
            'driver' => 'session', // Or other driver like 'token'
            'provider' => 'admins',

    // ... other configuration options
  1. Controllers:
    Modify your login controllers (or create custom ones) to handle authentication for different user types. Use the appropriate guard methods:

// App/Http/Controllers/AdminController.php
class AdminController extends Controller
    public function login(Request $request)
        $this->validate($request, [
            // ... validation rules

        if (Auth::guard('admin')->attempt($request->only('email', 'password'))) {
            return redirect()->intended('admin/dashboard');

        return back()->withErrors(['error' => 'Invalid login credentials']);

    // ... other admin controller methods
  1. Authentication Pages:
    Create separate login forms and views for each user type, tailoring them to their specific needs.

  2. Routes:
    - Define routes for login, registration, and protected areas within your application, ensuring they use the correct middleware (auth:admin for admin routes, etc.):

// routes/web.php
Route::get('/admin/login', [AdminController::class, 'login'])->name('admin.login');
Route::post('/admin/login', [AdminController::class, 'login']);

Route::group(['middleware' => ['auth:admin']], function () {
    // Admin-protected routes

// Similar routes for users or other user types
  1. Middleware (Optional):
    - Create custom middleware to handle specific authentication scenarios related to multiple guards.

Additional Considerations:

  1. Use proper authorization mechanisms (e.g., Laravel's policies or ACL packages) to control access to application resources based on user roles.

  2. Consider security best practices, such as secure password hashing and input validation, to protect your application from attacks.

By following these steps, you can effectively implement multi-authentication with guards in your Laravel application, providing a secure and segregated user experience for different user types.


Please login or create new account to add your comment.

You may also like:

Building Real-Time Chat Applications with Laravel Reverb and Vue 3

Real-time chat applications are increasingly important for seamless communication and instant connectivity. Laravel Reverb and Vue.js 3 provide developers with the tools to create (...)
Harish Kumar

Laravel Facades: Simplifying Code and Improve Readability

As an integral part of Laravel, a renowned PHP framework, Facades provide a static interface to classes stored in the application's service container. They serve as static proxies (...)
Harish Kumar

What is Laravel’s Service Container and How to Use Dependency Injection in Laravel App

Dependency injection and inversion of control are vital in clean web development. They make writing maintainable, testable code possible. Laravel is a famous PHP framework that (...)
Harish Kumar

Secure Your SPA with Laravel Sanctum: A Step-by-Step Guide

In today's web development landscape, Single Page Applications (SPAs) are increasingly popular. But securing their interaction with backend APIs is crucial. Laravel Sanctum provides (...)
Harish Kumar

Laravel Pint & VS Code: Automate Your Code Formatting

Laravel Pint is an opinionated PHP code style fixer built on top of PHP-CS-Fixer, designed to simplify the process of ensuring clean and consistent code style in Laravel projects. (...)
Harish Kumar

Laravel Clockwork: A Deep Dive into Debugging, Profiling Skills and Best Practices

In the world of web development, building complex applications often comes with the challenge of identifying and resolving performance bottlenecks. This is where a reliable debugging (...)
Harish Kumar